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Eligio R. Escobar Papers

 File — Box: 1
Identifier: Coll-113

Eligio Escobar is remembered for being a conjunto composer and musician. The Escobar collection consists of three publications and a personal book concerning hunting in South Texas.


  • Majority of material found within 1926-1994


Language of Materials

English; Spanish

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

This material is made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. Copyright law. The user assumes full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to taking precautions against infringement of copyright and respecting the publication rights of reproduced materials. All rights are reserved and retained regardless of current or future development or laws that may apply to fair use standards. Any materials used should be fully credited with their source according to the example given in the Preferred Citation note. Requests for assistance with citations and images of publication quality should be directed to


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Eligio Escobar is remembered for being a conjunto composer and musician. This small collection contains a personal book, newspaper articles and a program for a 1987 concert at the Corpus Christi Memorial Coliseum to honor Eligio Escobar.

Biographical / Historical

Eligio Roque Escobar, conjunto musician, the fourth son and fifth child of Eleuterio and Andrea (Farías) Escobar, Sr., was born on December 1, 1926, and reared in Ben Bolt, Jim Wells County, Texas. He traced his family's origins to Escobares, a small town on the Rio Grande in Starr County. On September 24, 1944, he married Jesusa Koehler, with whom he had two daughters and two sons. He served in the United States Army of Occupation in Japan after World War II. For the first part of his life he worked principally as an oilfield truck driver around Alice.

Through the influence of an uncle, Escobar learned to play guitar and sing as a child. He honed his skills as he grew to adulthood. He became a professional musician, however, after an automobile accident in 1960 injured his legs severely and rendered him unable to pursue his previous employment. He developed his Texas-Mexican conjunto music during his convalescence and thereafter launched his professional career. Beginning in 1962, Escobar recorded more than 250 songs for several record labels, including Ideal, Nopal, Cometa, and Bernal. He performed with such groups and artists as Los Guadalupanos, Ruben Naranjo, Los Fabulosos Cuatro, and many others. Although he sang in both English and Spanish, his voice became most familiar to Spanish language radio listeners. Among his best-known songs were "Cuando dos Almas," "Rosario Nocturno," and "El Gambler." Perhaps his most famous song, "El Veterano," spoke to the feelings of the Mexican American veteran of World War II and endeared him to a sizable audience of postwar Hispanic music lovers.

He likewise toured extensively with Spanish-language musicians in the United States and Mexico. Escobar helped launch the musical career of his daughter, Linda Escobar, who gained prominence as a singer and recording artist. After eventually moving in with his family in Corpus Christi, Escobar often used his music to benefit such civic organizations as the American G.I. Forum, of which he and his brothers were members.

Firmly rooted in his South Texas culture, Escobar was an avid fisherman and hunter. Toward the end of his life, along with his music, he worked as a wildlife manager on South Texas ranches. He was revered by many for his generous spirit and easygoing manner as well as for his unique musical style. He died of cancer on October 4, 1994 and is buried in Corpus Christi. In 1999 his daughter Linda began the "El Veterano Conjunto Festival" in honor of her father and to raise money for an Eligio Escobar Scholarship Fund.

(Taken from “The Handbook of Texas Online,” at


The materials are organized in three folders.

Processing Information

Lori Atkins processed the collection and wrote the finding aid in July of 2020.

Guide to Eligio R. Escobar Papers
Lori Atkins
July 2020
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Edition statement

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections and Archives, Mary and Jeff Bell Library, Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi Repository

6300 Ocean Dr.
Unit 5702
Corpus Christi TX 78412 United States
361-825-5973 (Fax)